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2012, Volume 28, Number 3, Page(s) 220-230     
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DOI: 10.5146/tjpath.2012.01128
Expression of p16, p53, CD24, EpCAM and Calretinin in Serous Borderline Tumors of the Ovary
Işıl Yildiz AKTAŞ, Meral BUĞDAYCI, Alp USUBÜTÜN
Department of Pathology, Hacettepe University, Faculty of Medicine, ANKARA, TURKEY
Keywords: Ovary, Tumor, p16 protein, p53 antigen, CD24 antigen, EpCAM protein, Calretinin

Objective: According to the widely accepted pathway, a serous borderline tumor becomes invasive either by progressing into a noninvasive micropapillary tumor or directly through microinvasion. Our objective was to investigate the role of serous borderline tumors and their accompanying extraovarian lesions in pathogenesis of serous ovarian cancer using immunohistochemistry as a tool.

Material and Method: An immunohistochemical panel of p16, p53, CD24, EpCAM and calretinin was applied to cutting edge matrix assembly-like tissue arrays of 46 cases consisting of typical, focal micropapillary, micropapillary, microinvasive, cystadenoma, and low-grade carcinoma cases. These tissue arrays are better choices than conventional tissue arrays to examine thin walled and heterogenous neoplasia like serous borderline tumors as they facilitate the analysis with linear sections rather than a core.

Results: For two tumor supressor gene markers; no diffuse and strong expression of p53, and strong and patchy/heterogenous expression of p16 were detected in all cases. Focal and strong calretinin expression was detected in micropapillary tumors while expression of EpCAM was lost in the same areas. Strong cytoplasmic CD24 expression was detected in cases with peritoneal implants, favoring the theory that change of expression localization of cell adhesion molecules is in accordance with phenotypical changes and tumor progresssion. Furthermore, circumfrential membranous and cytoplasmic expression of CD24 and EpCAM was detected in neoplastic cells in lymph nodes and microinvasion areas.

Conclusion: Our results show that different levels of serous ovarian tumor progression are accompanied by changes in the immunohistochemical expression pattern of EpCAM, CD24, and calretinin.


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