Turkish Journal of Pathology

Türk Patoloji Dergisi

Turkish Journal of Pathology

Turkish Journal of Pathology

2013, Vol 29, Num, 2     (Pages: 101-107)

Cyclin D1 Expression in Odontogenic Cysts

Nasim TAGHAVI 1, Shirin MODABBERNIA 1, Alireza AKBARZADEH 2, Samad SAJJADI 3

1 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Science, TEHRAN, IRAN
2 Department of Biostatistics, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Science, TEHRAN, IRAN
3 Department of Paramedical Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Science, TEHRAN, IRAN

DOI: 10.5146/tjpath.2013.01159
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Objective: In the present study expression of cyclin D1 in the epithelial lining of odontogenic keratocyst, radicular cyst, dentigerous cyst and glandular odontogenic cyst was investigated to compare proliferative activity in these lesions.

Material and Method: Immunohistochemical staining of cyclin D1 on formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissue sections of odontogenic keratocysts (n=23), dentigerous cysts (n=20), radicular cysts (n=20) and glandular odontogenic cysts (n=5) was performed by standard EnVision method. Then, slides were studied to evaluate the following parameters in epithelial lining of cysts: expression, expression pattern, staining intensity and localization of expression.

Results: The data analysis showed statistically significant diff erence in cyclin D1 expression in studied groups (p<0.001). Assessment of staining intensity and staining pattern showed more strong intensity and focally pattern in odontogenic keratocysts, but diff erence was not statistically significant among groups respectively (p=0.204, 0.469). Considering expression localization, cyclin D1 positive cells in odontogenic keratocysts and dentigerous cysts were frequently confined in parabasal layer, diff erent from radicular cysts and glandular odontogenic cysts. The difference was statistically significant (p<0.01).

Conclusion: Findings showed higher expression of cyclin D1 in parabasal layer of odontogenic keratocyst and the entire cystic epithelium of glandular odontogenic cysts comparing to dentigerous cysts and radicular cysts, implying the possible role of G1-S cell cycle phase disturbances in the aggressiveness of odontogenic keratocyst and glandular odontogenic cyst.

Keywords : Cyclin D1, Odontogenic cysts, Immunohistochemistry