Turkish Journal of Pathology

Türk Patoloji Dergisi

Turkish Journal of Pathology

Turkish Journal of Pathology

2018, Vol 34, Num, 2     (Pages: 150-057)

EZH2, Endothelin-1, and CD34 as Biomarkers of Aggressive Cervical Squamous Cell Carcinoma: An Immunohistochemical Study

Anan FATHY 1, Aziza E. ABDELRAHMAN 1

1 Department of Pathology, Zagazig University, Faculty of Medicine, ZAGAZIG, EGYPT

DOI: 10.5146/tjpath.2018.01425
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Objective: Cervical cancer has an increasing incidence in developing countries with a predominance of squamous cell carcinoma. In this work, we aimed to analyze the role of EZH2, Endothelin-1, and CD34 as indicators of the aggressiveness in cervical squamous cell carcinoma.

Material and Method: Immunohistochemical expression of EZH2, Endothelin-1, and CD34 was studied in 54 paraffin-embedded tissue specimens of cervical squamous cell carcinoma. Their correlation to the clinicopathologic features and the potential angiogenic role were analyzed.

Results: High EZH2 expression was noted in 78% of cervical squamous cell carcinoma with a significant relation with tumor grade, FIGO stage and lymph node metastasis (p=<0.001, p=0.007, p=0.03 respectively). Endothelin-1 overexpression was detected in 63% of the studied cases with a significant association with tumor size, FIGO stage and lymph node metastasis (p=0.009, p=0.002, p=0.02 respectively). High CD34 expression (MVD) was noted in 56% of the cases and associated with the tumor size, FIGO stage and lymph node metastasis (p<0.001, p<0.001, p=0.04 respectively). The three markers were significantly associated (p<0.05).

Conclusion: EZH2, ET-1, and CD34 may act as biomarkers of aggressive cervical squamous cell carcinoma. They may contribute to the signaling pathway of angiogenesis. Therefore, they could potentially be used in targeted therapy.

Keywords : EZH2, Endothelin-1, CD34, Immunohistochemistry, Uterine cervical cancer