Turkish Journal of Pathology

Türk Patoloji Dergisi

Turkish Journal of Pathology

Turkish Journal of Pathology

2022, Vol 38, Num, 3     (Pages: 284-291)

The Site of Lymph Node Metastasis: A Significant Prognostic Factor in Pancreatic Ductal Adenocarcinoma

Anil AYSAL 1, Cihan AGALAR 2, Sumru CAGAPTAY 1, Turugsan SAFAK 2, Tufan EGELI 2, Mucahit OZBILGIN 2, Tugba UNEK 3, Tarkan UNEK 3, Ozgul SAGOL 1

1 Department of Pathology, Dokuz Eylul University, Faculty of Medicine, IZMIR, TURKEY
2 Department of General Surgery, Dokuz Eylul University, Faculty of Medicine, IZMIR, TURKEY
3 Department of Medical Oncology, Dokuz Eylul University, Faculty of Medicine, IZMIR, TURKEY

DOI: 10.5146/tjpath.2022.01583
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Objective: While the presence and number of metastatic lymph nodes (LNs) are important prognostic factors for pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC), there is no recommendation to specify metastatic regional LN localization in the current staging system. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prognostic effect of regional metastatic LN localizations in PDAC.

Material and Method:Metastatic sites of 101 consecutive PDAC patients who underwent pancreaticoduodenectomy were classified as peripancreatic, perigastric, hepatica communis, hepatoduodenal, and superior mesenteric artery. The frequency of metastasis in each region and the association between the presence of metastasis in each site and overall and disease-free survival were statistically analyzed.

Results: Eighty cases (79.2%) had peripancreatic, 7 (6.9%) had perigastric, 6 (5.9%) had hepatica communis, 7 (6.9%) had hepatoduodenal, and 4 (4%) had superior mesenteric artery LN metastasis. The overall and disease-free survival values were significantly shorter in patients with hepatoduodenal LN metastasis (log rank; p= 0.001, p=0.017, respectively). The presence of metastatic superior mesenteric artery LN was significantly associated with shorter disease-free survival in univariate analysis (p=0.017). Hepatoduodenal LN metastasis was an independent predictor of mortality (p=0.005) in multivariate analysis.

Conclusion: The presence of hepatoduodenal LN metastasis is an independent poor prognostic factor for mortality. The presence of metastatic LN in the superior mesenteric artery region was significantly associated with shorter disease-free survival time, although not an independent predictor. We conclude that the metastatic regional LN sites, especially the hepatoduodenal region, have an impact on the prognosis, and should be included in synoptic pathology reports.

Keywords : Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma, Regional lymph node site, Metastasis