Turkish Journal of Pathology

Türk Patoloji Dergisi

Turkish Journal of Pathology

Turkish Journal of Pathology

2013, Vol 29, Num, 2     (Pages: 094-100)

Value of Glut-1 and Koc Markers in the Differential Diagnosis of Reactive Mesothelial Hyperplasia, Malignant Mesothelioma and Pulmonary Adenocarcinoma

Özlem ÜÇER 1, Adile Ferda DAĞLI 2, Ahmet KILIÇARSLAN 3, Gökhan ARTAŞ 3

1 Department of Pathology, Bingöl State Hospital, BİNGÖL, TURKEY
2 Department of Pathology, İnönü University, Faculty of Medicine, MALATYA, TURKEY
3 Department of Pathology, Fırat University, Faculty of Medicine, ELAZIĞ, TURKEY

DOI: 10.5146/tjpath.2013.01158
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Objective: Malignant mesothelioma (MM) is a primary malignant tumor developing from mesothelial cells lining the serosal surfaces and particularly the pleura, and has a very poor prognosis. It may display a variety of histological patterns and has a wide spectrum of cytomorphological characteristics, causing problems in its diff erential diagnosis from lung adenocarcinomas and sometimes from benign mesothelial proliferations. Immunohistochemical examination is the most useful method for this distinction. In our study, we aimed to determine the value of glucose transporter isoform-1 (GLUT-1) and K homology domain-containing protein (KOC) markers in the diff erential diagnosis of reactive mesothelial hyperplasia, malignant mesothelioma and lung adenocarcinoma.

Material and Method: Our study included 30 samples of malignant mesothelioma, 30 samples of pulmonary adenocarcinoma and 30 samples of reactive mesothelial hyperplasia selected from the archives of the Fırat University Hospital's Pathology Department Laboratory. The samples were applied GLUT-1 and KOC markers by immunohistochemistry and the place of these markers in the diff erential diagnosis was examined.

Results: GLUT-1 was found positive in 80% of malignant mesothelioma cases, 83.3% of adenocarcinoma cases and 6.6% of reactive mesothelial hyperplasia cases. KOC was positive in 83.3% of malignant mesothelioma cases, 76.6% of adenocarcinoma cases and 46.6% of reactive mesothelial hyperplasia cases. There was no statistically significant diff erence between malignant mesothelioma and lung adenocarcinoma cases in terms of the diffuseness and intensity of staining with GLUT-1, whereas a significant diff erence was established when these groups were compared with reactive mesothelial hyperplasia cases. However, the KOC staining diffuseness and intensity results were similar to those obtained with GLUT-1.

Conclusion: In conclusion, GLUT-1 and KOC markers do not diff erentiate malignant mesotheliomas from pulmonary adenocarcinomas but can be useful in diff erentiating reactive mesothelial hyperplasia from malignant mesothelioma and lung adenocarcinoma.

Keywords : Mesothelioma, Adenocarcinoma, Mesothelium, Glucose Transporter Type 1, IMP3 protein